The following articles and links have been provided by speakers as background to the information and examples that will be presented during the conference. A comprehensive bibliography is planned as one of a number of outcomes from the conference. If you wish to contribute references or resources to the bibliography, please email us at

Keynote presentation: Indigenous concepts and values informing contemporary research ethics in Canada

Brant Castellano, M. and J. Reading. 2010. Policy writing as dialogue, drafting an Aboriginal chapter for Canada’s Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical conduct for research involving humans. The International Indigenous Policy Journal 1(2).

Brant Castellano, M., B., Stonechild, and D. McKee. 2014. What needs to change? Leaders in Aboriginal education share their insights. Education Canada, June 2014.

Ermine, W. 2007. The ethical space of engagement. Indigenous Law Journal 6(1): 193-203.

Ermine, W. 2000. A critical examination of the ethics in research involving Indigenous peoples. M.Ed. Thesis.

Session 1: Implementing TCPS2 in collaborative Indigenous research – Policy, funder, institution and project perspectives

TCPS2. 2014. The revised version of the 2nd edition of the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS2).

McNaughton, C. and D. Rock. 2003. Opportunities in Aboriginal Research: Results of SSHRC’s Dialogue on Research and Aboriginal Peoples.

Nicholas, G. P. 2014. Reconciling inequalities in archaeological practice and heritage research. In: S. Atalay, L. Clauss, R. McGuire, and J. Welch (eds.) Transforming Archaeology: Activist Practices and Prospects, pp. 133-158. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

SSHRC, 2015. Aboriginal Research Definition.

SSHRC, 2015. Aboriginal Research Statement of Principles.

SSHRC, 2015. Guidelines for the Merit Review of Aboriginal Research.

Session 2: Actualizing Indigenous values and methodologies in ethics policy-making and practice 

Hains, S. 2014. Indigenous Peace – Implications in Research and Ethics

Kovach, M., J. Carriere, H. Montgomery, M. J. Barrett, and C. Gilles. 2015. The Indigenous Presence: Experiencing and Envisioning Indigenous Knowledges within Selected Post-Secondary Sites of Education and Social Work. 

Kovach, M. 2014. Thinking through theory: Contemplating Indigenous situated research and policy. In: N. Denzin and M. Giardina (eds.) Qualitative Inquiry Outside the Academy, pp.92-106. Walnut Creek, California: Left Coast Press.

Kovach, M. 2013. Treaties, truths, and transgressive pedagogies: Re-imagining Indigenous presence in the classroom. The Journal of the Society of Socialist Studies 9 (1):109-127.

Kovach, M., J., Carriere, M. J., Barrett, H. Montgomery, and, C. Gilles. 2014. Stories of diverse identity locations in Indigenous research. International Review of Qualitative Research 6(4): 487-509.

Vizina, Y. 2013. Rethinking science education: An Aboriginal perspective. Langscape 2 (12): 64-69.

Vizina, Y. 2010. Métis Traditional Environmental Knowledge and Science Education. M.Ed. Thesis.

Michell, H., Y., Vizina, C. Augustus, and J., Sawyer. 2008. Learning Indigenous science from place. Research Study Examining Indigenous-Based Science Perspectives in Saskatchewan First Nations and Métis Community Contexts.

Vizina, Y. 2008. Nourishing the learning spirit: Elders’ dialogue. Report prepared for Canadian Council on Learning’s Aboriginal Learning Knowledge Centre.

Welch, J.R., M. Altaha, D. Gatewood, K. Hoerig, and R. Riley. 2006. Archaeology, Stewardship, and Sovereignty. The SAA Archaeological Record 6(4):17–20, 57.

Welch, J.R. and N. Ferris. 2014. ‘We have Met the Enemy and It is Us’: Improving Archaeology through Application of Sustainable Design Principles. In S. Atalay, L. Rains Clauss, R. H. McGuire, and J. R. Welch (eds.) Transforming Archaeology: Activist Practices and Prospects, pp. 91–113, Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, Ca.

Welch, J.R. and I. Lilley. 2013. Beyond the Equator (Principles): Community Benefit Sharing in Relation to Major Land Alteration Projects and Associated Intellectual Property Issues in Cultural Heritage. Report on a Forum at the Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, 5 April 2013, Honolulu, Hawai‘i. International Journal of Cultural Property 20(4): 467–493.

Tla’amin First Nation – Simon Fraser University Archaeology and Heritage Stewardship Program. Website and electronic documents can be accessed here.

Session 3: Overcoming challenges to collaboration – Innovative agreements and partnership arrangements 

Bell, C. and V. Napoleon. 2008. Introduction, methodology, and thematic overview. In: C. Bell and V. Napoleon (eds.) First Nations Cultural Heritage and Law: Case Studies, Voices, and Perspectives, pp. 1-30. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC. (Posted online with permission of the Publisher from First Nations Cultural Heritage and Law edited by Catherine Bell and Val Napoleon © University of British Columbia Press 2008. All rights reserved by the Publisher.)

Bell, C. and C. Sheir. 2011. Control of information originating from Aboriginal communities: Legal and ethical contexts. Études Inuit/Inuit Studies 35 (1-2): 35-56. 

Thom, B. 2006. Respecting and protecting Aboriginal intangible property: Copyright and contracts in research relationships with Aboriginal communities. Department of Canadian Heritage, Copyright Policy Branch, Ottawa, PCH contract no. 45172644. 

Janke, T. 2009. Writing up Indigenous research: Authorship, copyright and Indigenous knowledge systems. Terri Janke and Company Pty Ltd, Sydney.

First Nation of Na-Cho Nyak Dun Government Traditional Knowledge Policy

A) A Coast Salish Lanugage Revitalization CURA Project

Czaykowska-Higgins, E. 2009. Research models, community engagement, and linguistic fieldwork: Reflections on working within Canadian Indigenous communities. Language, Documentation, and Conservation 3(1): 15-50.

A Coast Salish Language Revitalization CURA Project Report

About the goals and agreements regarding this Coast Salish Language CURA Project

Ewa Czaykowska-Higgins’ work  teaming up to revitalize Salish languages

B) A CIHR research project on Iiyiyiu anti-diabetes medicines

About this CIHR project on Iiyiyiu anti-diabetes medicines

Research agreements (Cree/French/English) for this project on Iiyiyiu anti-diabetic plant medicines

University Affairs covers Pierre Haddad’s invovlement in a seven year project with four Cree communities on anti-diabetic plant medicines

Cuerrier, A., A. Downing, E. Downing, E. Patterson, and P. Haddad. 2012. Aboriginal antidiabetic plant project with the James Bay Cree of Québec: An insightful collaboration. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy 6(3): 251-270.

Session 4: Continuing education and innovation in research ethics theory and practice 

Toolbox of Principles for Research in Indigenous Contexts: Ethics, Respect, Equity, Reciprocity, Cooperation and Culture

First Nations in Quebec and Labrador’s Research Protocol 2014 and Graphic summary

Basile, S., K. Gentelet, A. Marchildon, and F. Piron. 2012. Pueples autochtones et enjeux d’éthique publique. Éthique publique 14(1): 2-5.

Gentelet, K. 2009. Les conditions d’une collaboration éthique entre chercheurs autochtones et non autochtones. Cahiers de recherche sociologique 48: 143-153.

Graham, K. Beyond all in the family: Community-based research in Canada. Academic Matters. June 2014.

Hains, S. 2014. Indigenous Insights in Learning.

Hains, S. L. 2013. Defining of a peace process within Indigenous research, Indigenous ethics and the implications in psychology. Journal of Indigenous Research. 1(2): 1-12.

Hains, S. 2001 Establishing success with native students. Principal Leadership, pp. 44-47.

Supplemental Resources

Linden, P. 2015. Embodied peacemaking: Four quick and easy exercises.

Linden, P. Practice, Practice, Practice.

International Society of Ethnobiology (2006). International Society of Ethnobiology Code of Ethics (with 2008 additions). 

Welch, J.R. 2014. Cultural Heritage: What is it? Why is it important? Fact Sheet Presented by the Intellectual Property Issues in Cultural Heritage Project (IPinCH).

Welch, J.R. (editor) 2014. Community-Based Cultural Heritage Research. Wiki for the IPinCH project’s Community-Based Cultural Heritage Research (CBCHR) Working Group.

The UN Convention on Biological Diversity: Akwé:kon Guidelines

The UN Convention on Biological Diversity: Tkarihwaié:ri Code

The UN Convention on Biological Diversity: Nagoya Protocol

The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples